Special Offer
Special Offer
Service Menu Book Online Map Virtual Tour Image Gallery Blog

A Guide To Common Skin Conditions

Disclaimer

Disclaimer

Estheticians are not licensed to diagnose skin conditions, disorders or diseases. Estheticians may not perform services on Clients who have contagious or infectious diseases. Estheticians will not treat any unfamiliar skin condition.

Estheticians will positively identify conditions before beginning treatments and will refer Clients to an appropriate physician if necessary.

Estheticians will help Clients control common chronic skin conditions and provide education and guidance on further care options. If we can't help you directly, we'll see you find someone who can.

The author of this document is not qualified to diagnose or practice medicine or teach a class. The author does have advanced training in identifying and treating common skin conditions, including: Esthetics training, First-aid training, advanced peel training, Nurse Assistant training, Electrology training and years of experience.

Clients who understand their condition and participate in their care, experience the best results.

Acne Vulgaris

Acne is inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Acne Vulgaris is the most common form of acne but there are many other types. Acne often manifests as red dots or comedones. Acne has many causes and can rarely be chronic. Acne affects 16% of people in the United States, those between puberty and age 25 experience the greatest incidence and severity. Females have a slightly higher incidence rate.

Acne occurs when p. acne bacteria causes inflammation. The underlying reasons for this can include: hyperkeratosis, hormones, diet, stress, mood, genetic factors, infections and hygiene. The skin becomes a battlefield and the results can be scarring and discoloration which is sometimes permanent.

It is often helpful to examine aggravating factors. Special attention should be paid to what comes in contact with the affected area. Your: hands, pillowcase, phone, towels and linens should be kept clean and, if you use cosmetics, don't share and don't keep them too long and keep clean applicators as p. acne bacteria can flourish on or off the skin and return in plenty on next contact.

Self care options include: benzoyl peroxide, antiseptics, AHA/BHA products and astringents. A Doctor can prescribe antibiotics, hormones, anti-inflammatories and oral or topical retinoids. Procedures used to treat acne include: comedone extraction, chemical peel, dermabrasion, phototherapy, laser light and rarely surgery.

Treatment in spa begins with a skin analysis where sensitivities and aggravating factors are identified. A personal care plan suitable to your skin type and condition is developed. Facials, especially those formulated for acne, provide thorough cleansing yet are gentle and soothe irritation. Facials will clear existing comedones and open pores. Chemical peels or microdermabrasion can remove impacted material and provide deeper cleansing, opening more pores. Opening pores is important because oxygen kills p. acne and other bacteria and because it restores a natural flow of oil in the skin.

Clients who suffer from chronic or severe acne may require medical attention. We will refer you to someone who can help in these cases.

Acne entry at Wikipedia
Top of page



Actinic Keratosis

This premalignant condition effects up to half the world population and is especially prevalent in fair skinned people. Also known as solar keratosis, it is often linked to sun exposure and an estimated 1 in 5 cases where untreated lesions are present progress to carcinoma. Taking immunosuppressive drugs increases your risk of this condition.

Lesions appear as thick, crusty, tough, wart-like, scaly patches of skin, especially in areas of frequent unprotected sun exposure such as the head, face, neck, ears, lips, back of hands and forearms. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, the consistent use of sun protection is important to minimizing your risk. Treatments seek to kill off or excise the damaged tissue while leaving the healthiest behind.

Fortunately, there are many treatments that make this possible including: topical or drug injections, cryosurgery, laser resurfacing, chemical resurfacing, electrocautery and various forms of surgeries.

A Doctor should be consulted when Actinic Keratosis is present due to its high malignancy rate. A Doctor can diagnose carcinoma if present and early diagnosis is key in effective treatment.

Actinic Keratosis at Wikipedia
Top of page

Aging (Effects on the Skin)

Skin is the body's largest organ and changes in its condition are often visible to the naked eye. As we age skin becomes more prone to damage and heals more slowly. Some changes are cosmetic, like the loss of elasticity and increased dehydration that results in wrinkles. Not to mention increased risk of skin tags, warts and dark spots. Some have far reaching health consequences, like the thinning of the skin's fat layer which changes the way some medications are absorbed, or the increased risk of bruises, cuts and infections.

Aging decreases the activity of sebaceous glands so skin tends to become drier over time. The loss of moisture does more than aggravate wrinkles, it effects the immune system as well. The skin is the body's first barrier to infection and when its health is compromised, infections become more frequent. At the same time the body's ability to heal decreases with age and so infections are not only more frequent but last longer and so can do more damage.

Much of the damage associated with aging is tied to sun exposure. Everyone ages but how the skin ages is usually in large up to you. Clients who participate in their care receive the most impressive results. Become aware of your skin's condition and needs, treat it right and it will keep you healthier longer.

Self care involves consistent lifelong use of sun protection and drinking enough water. All treatments should be especially gentle.

Treatment at the spa begins with a skin analysis and development of a personal care plan. Microdermabrasion and facial massage can both increase sebaceous activity and leave skin naturally hydrated longer. The right products, designed for long term deep hydration, can help maintain the skin's moisture balance and pH. Regular facials keep skin in a clean refreshed state and keeps the skin's acid mantle balanced.

Aging effects in skin at the National Institute of Health
Top of page

Basal Cell Carcinomas

Skin cancer, malignant and rampant, 3 in 10 Caucasian people may develop a basal cell carcinoma. It's rarely fatal but can do a lot of destruction. This cancer is highly treatable and the outcome is usually positive so long as it's detected early. The overwhelming majority of cases have a sun exposure link, if you know your sun habits put you at risk, take precautions.

Avoid sun exposure, wear a hat, use a parasol, products with Sun Protection Factor (SPF) are a wonderful tool but they can aggravate some skin conditions, including: acne, seborrheic dermatitis, eczema and rosacea. Find the right sunblock for your skin type and apply to everything that's going to see the sun.

Cancer can be diagnosed with a Doctor's visit. There are many effective treatments for destroying the cancer while preserving the skin.

Basal Carcinoma entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Blepharitis

Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelids. When it involves the outside front of the eyelid, where the eyelashes are attached, it is called anterior blepharitis. Anterior blepharitis may be caused by: bacteria, scalp dandruff, allergies or psoriasis. If blepharitis involves the inner eyelid, it is called posterior blepharitis. Posterior blepharitis may be caused by: dysfunction of the oil glands in the eyelid, acne rosacea, scalp dandruff or allergies. It is not contagious in any form.

Although blepharitis is very common, people who have scalp dandruff, dry skin, acne, rosacea, contact allergies, diabetes, poor hygiene, or those sensitive to chemical irritants or cosmetic makeup are much more likely to suffer from blepharitis.

Typically, the eyelids are reddened ("red rims" as it is often called), swollen, and slightly warm, often with crusty debris (in the lashes, in the corner of the eyes, or on the lid edges). Burning, tearing, sensitivity to light, the feeling of a foreign body in the eye(s), sticking together of the lids, watery or mucous discharge, pain, blurry vision, and eye redness may all occur with blepharitis. Eye lashes may fall out or become twisted and possibly irritate the eye. Blepharitis may affect only one eye but usually, both eyes are involved.

Clients seeking to self care should: apply frequent warm moist compresses, clean the eyelids with a very mild cleanser and a wet cotton ball, practice good hygiene of the face and scalp including use of an anti-dandruff shampoo, make sure all makeup is removed daily and keep underlying conditions such as diabetes and rosacea under control.

A Client who has tried self care but is experiencing: pain, vision changes, swelling, hot eyelids, blistering or rash on the eyelid, eyelid lesion or who is just not improving with self-care should consult a physician.

There is no accepted medical drug treatment for blepharitis. Typically blepharitis is a chronic condition but careful attention to daily hygiene and other preventative measures will reduce the recurrence rate.

Blepharitis entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Carbuncle

Carbuncles present as one or more fluid filled boils. It's not always clear why carbuncles form but they are often seen where diabetes or immune disorders are present. Sometimes friction from clothing, bedding or shaving can trigger them. They can become serious if left untreated as the bacterial infection spreads and compromises the skin.

Carbuncles should be seen by a doctor as they can indicate other conditions and often need to be treated with antibiotics.

Carbuncle entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Cosmetics

Cosmetics include not only makeup but cleansers, lotions, hair dyes and any other product used for basic hygiene. Cosmetics have been used for thousands of years, many of the ingredients in ancient cosmetics were later found to be toxic. Sadly, the same may one day be said of cosmetics today. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) only regulate the dyes in cosmetics, the industry otherwise self regulates with mixed results. We agree with Paula Begoun the Cosmetic Cop that cosmetic ingredients should undergo peer review. Even while the European Union bans cosmetic testing on animals, cosmetics companies are free to do human testing at their own discretion and any product recalls are voluntary.

Don't be alarmed but don't be naive. Products can be remarkably effective at controlling many skin conditions and provide sun protection and increase hydration and usually work very well but some of them can cause irritation, allergic reaction or aggravate existing skin conditions. Because the industry favors the novel and new, it can be difficult to find the tested and true.

No matter what products you use, marking them with the date they're opened will help you dispose of them before they turn. A general rule is to dispose of most products no longer than a year after opening. The exception is products used around the eye, which should be disposed of no longer than 3 months after opening. Why? Blepharitis and conjunctivitis for starters, not only do eye products consistently show higher levels of bacteria when tested but the risk of infection is greater because the eye is permeable. Worst of all the consequences of eye infection can be quite high and include blindness. Cosmetics can make a cozy environment for bacteria and viruses which is why the pros dispense just what they'll use for the sitting and favor disposable applicators and keep brushes clean. While not everything the pros do is suitable for home care, there are definite benefits to not sharing your cosmetics and keeping your applicators clean.

Clean applicators will keep your products safer longer. A general rule is to clean brushes once a week. One more thing right? Well it doesn't have to take long and you can use baby shampoo in lieu of brush cleaner in a pinch. Adopting these habits will significantly reduce the number of bacteria and viruses your skin and eyes must fight and is well worth the effort.

Skin analysis is the first part of every service we offer. If you have questions about your skin type or condition we can help and the products we have to offer are those we trust and use ourselves.

All about cosmetic safety at FDA.gov
Top of page

Chloasma

Easily differentiated from other skin conditions with a Wood's Lamp, chloasmas are areas of hyperpigmentation (darkening/tanning) that develop gradually. Hormonal changes, thyroid conditions, allergic reactions may all cause chloasma. Hormone replacement therapy, oral contraceptives, pregnancy, may all cause chloasma.

There are many care options for Clients with chloasma, the same treatment is not right for everyone and depends on your skin condition, degree of darkening, skin sensitivity and other factors.

A short list of treatments include: products containing hydroquinone, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, even laser treatments and prescription drugs. Corrective makeup is an option for some.

Sunlight exposure should be avoided as this will worsen the condition.

Chloasma entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Comedone

A comedone is a clogged pore where sebum, bacteria and skin cells are plugged together. Sometimes the comedone will form an airtight seal and the result is a whitehead. When the comedone is open to oxygen, the contents darken and the result is a blackhead.

Comedones are treated in acne treatment. They are typically cleared during facial services and diminished by a series of chemical peels if appropriate. Care must be taken when clearing comedones not to further spread the bacteria they contain.

Comedone at Wikipedia
Top of page

Conjunctivitis

Swollen, red, watering eyes are symptoms of conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, allergies and chemicals. Also known as pink eye, people who wear eye makeup are at particular risk for all forms. It is highly contagious in all but the allergy form. Because of its high contagion risk, it can be spread through lash services like extensions and tinting or eye makeup services if done improperly.

The bacterial and viral form can be avoided by not sharing cosmetics or brushes and by throwing old cosmetics out and not touching or rubbing your eyes. The allergic form can be avoided by patch testing new cosmetics and by using saline drops in some cases. Bacterial and allergy cases tend to be minor and clear up naturally once the bacteria or allergen is removed.

Viral conjunctivitis however and conjunctivitis that persists should be seen by a Doctor.

Bacterial conjunctivitis at Wikipedia
Top of page

Cyst

A cyst is a closed sac, divided from surrounding tissues by a membrane. Cysts occur when ducts or sinuses become closed due to debris, damage or infection. Cysts may appear anywhere on the skin and in other tissues. Unlike an abscess, which is pus filled and usually a response to infection or trauma, a cyst can be filled with air, fluid and other-- sometimes infectious, debris.

While the cyst membrane prevents the spread of infection and debris it also prevents antibodies from getting inside. So long as the cyst remains closed it rarely heals on its own.

Self treatment options include: surgical or antibacterial soaps, hot compresses, benzoyl peroxide and some other topical products. The aim is to restore flow, reduce infection and treat painful swelling. Cysts can be removed entirely by a Doctor by several methods. Usually the cyst is removed whole, without bursting the membrane, to avoid the spread of infection.

Cyst at Wikipedia
Top of page

Eczema

Eczema is a dermatitis characterized by red, itchy, dry, crusted skin. Skin may be cracked, swollen, oozing or bleeding. There may be blisters or pustules or crusted buildup. Eczema is a blanket term that covers many types of dermatitis.

Treatment begins with a skin analysis where aggravating factors are identified. A personal care plan suitable to your skin type and condition is developed. Facials, especially those formulated for sensitive skin, can soothe and remove buildup, leaving skin clean and calm.

Eczema skin is not only sensitive but already irritated, choose mild and soothing products appropriate for your skin type. Eczema skin is often chapped and dry, regular moisturizing can help. If you have eczema, tell your Doctor.

Eczema entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Folliculitis

Folliculitis is inflammation of the hair follicle. It can occur anywhere on the body that has hair. It can be caused by bacteria, fungus, virus or environmental irritation, such as shaving or depilation. Skin rash, pimples or pustules and itching are all characteristics of folliculitis.

Psuedofolliculitis barbae is another name for ingrown hair. Folliculitis keloidalis is scarring most often seen in men around the neck area. Razor burn can include contact folliculitis and dermatitis.

Treatment begins with a skin analysis where aggravating factors are identified. A personal care plan suitable to your skin type and condition is developed. Thorough gentle cleansing is used to rid the area of bacteria and debris. Products that soothe and moisturize, that are formulated for your skin type, are the best choice.

If you have chronic folliculitis without an obvious cause, tell your Doctor.

Folliculitis entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Granuloma annulare

This condition presents as reddish bumps on the skin arranged in a circle or ring. The cause is not known though it is associated with auto-immune disease, thyroid problems, diabetes, and lupus to name only some.

If you have granuloma annulare, see your Doctor. There are treatments, including: high strength topical steroids, oral steroids, antibiotics to name but a few.

Granuloma annulare at Wikipedia
Top of page

Hyperkeratosis

Hyperkeratosis is an abnormal thickening of the skin. This thickened skin can clog pores and harbor higher than normal bacteria levels. Fortunately, it responds very well to treatment.

Treatment begins with a skin analysis before establishing a care plan. The skin is usually smoothed via acid peel or microdermabrasion, which removes congestion as well, opening pores and letting oxygen in to kill bacteria. Following up with AHA and BHA containing products formulated for your skin type can help keep that smooth look longer.

Hyperkeratosis entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Hypertrichosis

Hypertrichosis (also called Ambras Syndrome) is hair growth on the body in an amount typically considered higher than normal. Hypertrichosis can be local to a specific region or cover the entire body. Hypertrichosis can be a congenital condition, present at birth, caused by an extremely rare (less than 100 recorded cases) genetic mutation which is not fully understood but the condition is more commonly acquired after birth. The acquired form can be caused by certain cancer treatment drugs or ironically minoxidil and is also associated with some eating disorders, addressing the underlying cause of the acquired form can usually reduce the severity of the condition.

Hypertrichosis is often mistakenly classified as Hirsutism, though Hirsutism is actually a specific form of acquired hypertrichosis affecting women and children resulting from an excess of androgen sensitive hair growth. Hirsutism, when correctly diagnosed, is usually easily treated by correcting the underlying androgen imbalance. Hirsutism is fairly common, occurring in approximately 10% of women between 18-45.

In order to effectively treat the condition it must be correctly identified. All acquired forms are best treated by identifying and correcting the underlying cause. An endocrinologist can assess the possibility of Hirsutism and prescribe treatment. Hair removal is also an effective option, either permanent or temporary in accordance with the Client's goals. A professional should be consulted before beginning treatment as each hair removal method has its own set of contraindications and possible side effects.

Hypertrichosis entry at Wikipedia
Human hair growth entry at Wikipedia
Electrolysis entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is darkening of the skin, it can be caused by many things, including: acne scarring, sun damage, skin inflammation, chloasma, laser treatments and some diseases.

A short list of treatments include: products containing hydroquinone, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, even laser treatments and prescription drugs. Corrective makeup is an option for some.

Sunlight exposure should be avoided as this will worsen the condition.

If you have unexplained hyperpigmentation, tell your Doctor, as it can indicate an underlying medical condition.

Hyperpigmentation at Wikipedia
Top of page

Hypopigmentation

Hypopigmentation is loss of skin color. It can be due to albinism, vitiligo, yeast infections, leprosy, laser treatments and disease.

Hypopigmentation at Wikipedia
Top of page

Keratosis Pilaris

Keratosis Pilaris is irreverently known as chicken skin, though we call it KP around here. KP lesions are sometimes mistaken for acne but they are not related. KP symptoms are raised bumps that are sometimes red and rough and most often appear on the back or the outer sides of the arms and thighs.

Fortunately KP is a benign overproduction of keratin and treatment is usually straightforward. A series of skin-type appropriate peels can melt away the keratin buildup and leave skin smooth and sleek. Microdermabrasion is also an option.

Keratosis Pilaris entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Perioral Dermatitis

Perioral dermatitis is an acne-like condition of unknown cause. Some possible causes are the use of topical corticosteroid creams, cosmetic products, oral contraceptives, fluoride and anti-tartar ingredients in dental products. It tends to occur in those prone to eczema. It is usually seen in women ages 16–45 but men and children can be affected as well. It is more common in developed countries.

The symptoms are small red bumps or tiny pus-filled lesions (pustules) which appear around the mouth, often with a clear area between the lip and the rash. The bumps may also occur near the eyes and nose. There may also be dry or flaky skin in these areas.

A Client wishing to self treat should cease use of all face creams, lotions, cosmetics and sun screens, dental products with fluoride and anti-tartar ingredients. Clients should still brush their teeth and wash their face with warm water alone until the rash improves. Products should then be re-introduced gradually and care should be taken to choose the most mild products that are effective.

If the self-care measures are not helping after 4–6 weeks, the Client should seek medical advice. A doctor may prescribe oral or topical antibiotics or Azelaic acid and should advise on the risks of these treatments.

The condition, once successfully treated, may recur if treatment is stopped but will respond to retreatment as needed.

Perioral dermatitis entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Pilonidal Cyst

A pilonidal cyst is a cyst that forms near or in the natal cleft on the buttocks. This type of cyst is often full of impacted skin and hair debris.

While there is no single cause, during World War II over 80 thousand American soldiers in the U.S. Army were hospitalized for this condition and it is believed the impact of riding in bumpy Jeeps over rough terrain was an aggravating factor. Pilonidal cysts are therefore sometimes called “Jeep Seat” but other possible causes include: ingrown hairs, excessive sweating, injury or frequent irritation.

The hair in the area can be liberated by exfoliation or removed by electrolysis in the case of ingrown hairs. Otherwise follow the treatment guidelines for a cyst which can include: surgical or antibacterial soaps, hot compresses, benzoyl peroxide or removal by a Doctor.

Pilonidal Cyst at Wikipedia
Top of page

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease characterized by dry scaly skin especially on the elbows, knees, genitals and scalp. Because the condition is chronic, treatments are aimed at managing symptoms and improving quality of life.

Psoriasis triggers are often difficult to identify and treatments are designed to soothe the resulting flareups. Psoriasis may be an allergic or autoimmune response and the skin will need extra support and care to stay balanced.

Treatment means ongoing care for symptoms and work to identify triggers. We work with you as you navigate this imperfectly understood disease and explore your care options. There are topical creams, diet changes, phototherapy and drug offerings, it can be daunting but we'll help you keep track of your journey. We'll make sure your skin gets the support it needs while we work through the possibilities together.

If you have psoriasis, tell your Doctor.

Psoriasis entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Rosacea

Rosacea, sometimes called adult acne, is a chronic inflammation of the face of unknown cause and without a permanent cure. Four different types of rosacea have been described:

Adults between 30 and 60 are most often affected by rosacea; it is more common in women and in fairskinned individuals, although dark-skinned people may also be affected. About 4% of the population have rosacea. In most people rosacea comes and goes periodically; in some it gets worse with time.

Frequent triggers (things that increase face blood flow) of rosacea include sunlight, hot drinks, spicy foods, alcohol, exercise, hot baths or saunas, temperature extremes, and emotional stress. Prolonged use of cortisone creams on the face can also lead to rosacea. Some drugs may worsen flushing (nasal steroids, high doses of some B vitamins, tamoxifen, and rifampin among others).

Symptoms include: recurrent redness or swelling with a ruddy color, red bumps on face but no blackheads or whiteheads, bulbous red nose, visible veins on the face, burning or gritty feeling eyes sometimes accompanied by red eyelids. Symptoms can be mild to severe.

Self care involves managing or minimizing triggers. Management techniques include: sun protection with SPF, avoidance of: hot liquids, alcohol and spicy foods, protecting against thermal extremes of heat or cold, avoiding facial products with alcohol or skin irritants and use of the mildest effective product instead.

Camouflage makeup with a yellow or green tint is sometimes used by fair skinned individuals to mask the redness though care should be taken as makeup may aggravate the condition. Treatment with cool compresses or gel masks may be of benefit to some. Benzoyl peroxide may help some but may also aggravate the condition in others.

Professional treatments include: lasers, electrocautery, anibiotics and some drug therapies. A Dermatologist should be consulted for these treatments.

Rosacea entry at Wikipedia
Rosacea.org's frequently asked questions
Top of page

Scleroderma

Scleroderma is a chronic, systemic, auto-immune disease that can be either limited to the skin or diffuse, affecting skin and other organs. In it's limited form it is seen most often on the hands, arms and face. It frequently presents as thickened or fibrous, whitish, stiff areas of skin and/or as telangiectasia.

Pulmonary hypertension is a serious symptom of limited scleroderma, it can cause shortness of breath, fainting and dizziness, especially during exertion.

All scleroderma is potentially serious and in its diffuse state it can even be fatal. A Doctor should be consulted when scleroderma is present. A Doctor is the best source for building a treatment plan that's right for you.

Scleroderma is often treated with immunosuppressive drugs which have the side effect of making the skin more vulnerable to damage, the use of sun protection is critical.

Scleroderma at Wikipedia
Top of page

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Dermatitis means inflammation of the skin. Seborrhea is the excessive discharge of oils from the sebaceous glands. Seborrheic Dermatitis then is a skin condition where there is oil and inflammation, inflammation is often but not always characterized by redness. This condition is chronic, meaning treatments look to manage symptoms and reduce flare-ups.

Unfortunately, many things aggravate this condition including: stress, hormones, diet, fatigue, and environmental factors. Which can induce very inconvenient flare-ups. Fortunately there are many highly effective treatments.

A careful analysis of the skin and possible aggravating factors is the first step before choosing a care plan. A typical course of care may include peels or microdermabrasion to manage flaking and reduce redness. These services are combined with the right home-care products to cleanse gently and restore the natural acid mantle and pH balance of the skin. With consistent care and informed lifestyle changes, your skin will flourish.

Seborrhoeic dermatitis at the U.S. National Library of Medicine
Seborrhoeic dermatitis entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Sebaceous Hyperplasia

Sebaceous hyperplasia is a disorder of the sebaceous glands in which they become enlarged. The enlarged glands appear as papules which are often visibly discolored from whitish-yellow to pink and tend to be shiny in appearance. The condition is most common in newborns, middle aged adults and the elderly and is relatively rare, affecting about 1% of the population. Some medications, such as cyclosporin A, can lead to the condition. Papules are typically 1-9mm in size and appear in sebarrhoeic facial skin, mainly the forehead, nose and cheeks though areas rich in oil glands such as the chest, upper arms, mouth lining, vulvar area, and nipples can also develop the condition. This condition is usually not painful though occasionally the sites may be irritated, especially by shaving or other frictions. Cosmetic concerns are the most common reason for seeking treatment.

Various treatments are considered efficacious, including: topical chemical treatments effective against acne, laser treatments and light activated drugs (photo-dynamic therapy), as well as removal via burning (cautery), freezing (cryosurgery) or simple excision. Oral drug therapies for acne treatment are sometimes used though there is little evidence of their effectiveness.

The least invasive remedy that proves effective is best so it is recommended that sufferers begin with topical chemical treatments and proceed to the more invasive treatments only if the desired result is not met. In these cases a Dermatologist is the best option for care and can advise on the contraindications for each treatment and details of treatment side effects such as scarring. All treatments are typically ongoing as new papules will often continue to form even in areas that have previously responded to treatment.

Sebaceous hyperplasia entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Skin Tag

Also called an acrochordon or fibroepithelial polyp, a skin tag is a benign tumor that typically forms where skin rubs together, such as underarms, neck, inner thigh, and other creases such as breast and stomach folds, they also occur on the face, usually the eyelid.

Skin tags are very common and seen in 46% of the U.S. population. They are slightly more prevalent in females. They are usually small as a grain of rice but they can grow to half an inch long in rare cases. There is no self treatment for skin tags, don't cut or tear tags off yourself, the risk of infection is not worth it. If skin tags bother you, remember they are common and benign, if you want to treat them, a Doctor can remove them in various ways.

Skin tags resemble water warts and a skin analysis will reveal the difference. Water warts are a different thing entirely, they're caused by a virus that is highly transmissible from skin to skin contact making the difference an important one to know. If you have questions about your skin type or condition, we can help.

Skin tags (Acrochordon) at Wikipedia
Top of page

Telangiectasia

Telangiectasias are wide open (dilated) blood vessels in the outer layer of the skin, they are sometimes called spider veins when they appear on the legs. Telangiectasias can be seen anywhere on the body. They are common on the face (nose, cheeks, and chin) and legs (particularly the thighs, just below the knees and the ankles). When seen on the legs, they do not necessarily indicate a vein disorder, such as varicose veins or underlying deep vein problems. Telangiectasias are very common in healthy people and are usually caused by sun damage or aging. However, they are seen with a number of diseases, including acne rosacea, birthmarks such as port-wine stains, scleroderma, several types of inherited disorders (ataxia-telangiectasia, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, xeroderma pigmentosum, and others), or with prolonged use of oral or topical corticosteroids.

Telangiectasias are red, blue, or purple linear marks measuring less than 1–3 mm in width and several millimeters to centimeters in length, and they can disappear temporarily if you press on them with your finger. Treatment is usually sought for cosmetic reasons alone though they can also indicate an underlying condition that should be treated. A family history of telangiectasias, or bleeding from the G.I. Tract, or lesions of mouth or eye lining or any repeated bleeding from a lesion, are all reasons to consult with a physician before seeking treatment.

Self care options include: cover makeup, sun protection and discontinuing use of corticosteroid creams if applicable. Professional care options include: oral antibiotics (if rosacea is present), laser treatments, electrocautery and sclerotherapy (chemical injection, often preferred for spider veins). Studies from (2010-11) suggest that sclerotherapy treatment may increase your risk of stroke as the chemical agents continue to travel throughout the body for a period and may therefore damage the heart or brain. As always, the care provider should be certain to educate the Client on contraindications and potential side effects before beginning treatment.

Telangiectasia entry at Wikipedia
Top of page

Tinea

Tinea is ringworm, a fungal infection of the skin. There are many varieties of tinea fungus but they all thrive in moist warm environments. It's highly contagious but treatable with fungicide.

Tinea at Wikipedia
Top of page

Member ASCP We accept Spafinder gift cards. Valid CSS!